Suspicious skin changes, skin tumours, skin blemishes and skin lesions are excised surgically and sent for histological examination.
Closure of the defect is often carried out in two stages. After the histological findings have been received, the defect is covered either by displacement of the skin or by a pedicled skin graft, or occasionally a free skin graft.
The aim is always to achieve a scar that is as inconspicuous as possible, but this must not be at the expense of leaving a sufficient safety margin around the tumour. The finest surgical suture material is used. The scars should then be treated with scar gel.
Cosmetically unattractive benign skin changes can be removed by surgical excision, by smoothing with phenol peeling, by means of a radiowave procedure or sometimes also by dermabrasion with a fast-rotating diamond burr.
The procedures are normally performed on an outpatient basis under local anaesthetic, and subsequent scar treatment with scar gel is advisable.
It is necessary to apply sunscreen for several months after the operation.